In the UPSC mains exam there are nine papers which are divided in four sections. One section is for Essay. Section two is for General Studies contains four papers, section three is optional subject contains two papers and last section is language contains two papers (English and regional language). So, this is the UPSC mains exam pattern.

UPSC is one of the toughest exams to clear in India. A serious dedication, proper guidance and most relevant study material are the key factors to clear the UPSC exam. UPSC mains exam pattern is  very selective and unique. It's a written exam, in this part of UPSC your ability and skills to write on a topic would be evaluated. Your perfection of explanation and command over the topic will assure you success in the exam.  

In the UPSC mains exam there are nine papers which are divided in four sections. One section is for  Essay. Section two is for General Studies contains four papers, section three is optional subject contains two papers and last section is language contains two papers (English and regional language). So, this is the UPSC mains exam pattern.  

Study material and UPSC preparation books play an important role to clear the UPSC exam.  It’s a difficult task to find appropriate and updated Study material and UPSC preparation books. Here in this article we introduce some useful Study material and UPSC preparation books.

Paper I

Art and Culture - Hand Written  notes of Nitin Singhania or NCERT book of XIth class.  

Indian History - Ancient India - R S Sharma NCERT old Edition (XIth Std) Tamil Nadu Board Class XI History

Medieval India - Satish Chandra NCERT old Edition (XIth Std)

 Modern India - Vipin Chandra NCERT old Edition (XIIth Std) and India’s Struggle for              Independence by Vipin Chandra and India Since Independence

World History - Ojha Sir Class notes or NCERT book of World History

Indian Society and Social Issues

Indian and world Geography - 6th to 12th NCERT Geography Books additionally Geography by Majid Hussain for those topics only which are merely or shorty covered in NCERT book, Maps from oxford student atlas. 

Paper II

Indian Constitution - Introduction to the Constitution of India by Dr. Durga Das Basu

Polity and Governance - Book By M. lakshmikanth

Social Justice and Development related issues - Newspapers articles and Current affair Magazines

International Relations - The Contemporary World - NCERT book, Newspapers and Current affair Magazines

Paper III

Indian Economy and Economic Development - Indian economy  by SriRam SriRangam Or 9th to 12th NCERT book, current news updates, 

Agriculture and food industry - Principles of Agronomy by Yellamananda Reddy, 11th and 12th standard NCERT books, Soil Science by Dilip K Das, Introduction to Agriculture by A K Das 

Biodiversity and Environment -  Shankar IAS, 

Science & Technology - Vajiram and Ravi class notes, News Papers, Science Reporters 

Disaster management - NCERT book for Disaster Management, Newspapers and Current affair Magazines

Internal Security - Arihant book by Ashok Kumar Paper IV

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude  - The Lexicon

Additionally Following contents are highly recommended; Summary of second ARC report, Economic Survey of India, India Year Book By Niti Ayog, Yojana and Kurukshetra Magazines, Science Reporter magazines, , Case studies on mentioned topics.

There are a lot of options available in Market as study material and it's really confusing which one you should choose. This is our recommendation that never be confused with quantity because it is not possible for anyone to study and memories each and every reference context. Instead of selecting updated and relevant study material. If you have time to spare, go with revision twice or thrice the same study material rather than try a new one. 

Hope this article helps you to choose best in class study materials which is based on updated UPSC mains exam pattern and contains most relevant UPSC preparation books.

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